By Nate Thayer
June 23, 2015
“I was not raised in a racist home or environment,” wrote Dylann Roof,who executed 9 God-fearing people attending a bible study class in an iconic Black church last Wednesday in Charleston, South Carolina.
In fact, there is no evidence that Roof has ever actually met any member of a racist organization in real life.
Evidence suggests that Dylann Roof is a “cyber warrior”, one of a growing cadre of self schooled troubled lone wolf’s, fueled by non-political personal issues, who, hunkered down behind a computer screen, are whipped into a frenzy by the false bravado encouraged by the anonymity of the internet age.
Indeed, Roof was attracted to an amalgam of virulent strains of neo Nazi, White Separatist beliefs and cherry picked hot button topics from the swirling rhetoric of hundreds of online hate groups who exist mostly only in cyber space, according to an analysis of his writings, photographs, and sources within the White Power movement.
What stands out in an analysis of Roof’s political influences is that he had no loyalty to any specific group. Roof likely never met with a white nationalist group leader or participated in any real life events or activities.
“We have no skinheads, no real KKK, no one doing anything but talking on the internet,” wrote Roof. “Well someone has to have the bravery to take it to the real world, and I guess that has to be me.”
Roof, in his manifesto, espouses some random racial views which are anathema to traditional White Supremacist organizations, expressing a degree of critical thinking standing in stark contrast to organized white nationalist ideology.
He expressed the view that Jews were members of the White Race–a viewpoint which is wholly rejected by a vast majority of extremist racist groups. Roof advocated forming an alliance with “Northeast Asian” cultures. And he named his favorite film as a 2011 Japanese movie, Himizu, which depicts an alienated young man preparing to embark on a violent spree of carnage. “To take a saying from my favorite film, ‘Even if my life is worth less than a speck of dirt, I want to use it for the good of society’,” Roof wrote.
He was not taking orders from anyone or any group.
Traditional White Nationalist groups such as the Ku Klux Klan view people like Dylann Roof with contempt. “Speaking as a traditional Klansman, there are very few of us left,” said KKK Grand Dragon Thomas Pugh of Mississippi, who has been active in the Klan since the 1960’s in several different Klan organizations. “Cyber Klan’s are groups that exist essentially on the internet and are about the same as TV evangelists and snake oil salesmen. I call them ‘mom and pop’ Klans.”
The largest Ku Klux organization in the U.S. agrees with Dylann Roof on the issue of extremist political organizations being largely relegated to cyberspace, at least when it comes to South Carolina. “To be honest, we consider South Carolina to be a dying state in terms of organizing membership,” said Frank Ancona, the Imperial Wizard of the Traditionalist American Knights of the Ku Klux Klan in an interview. “They are basically an internet group. Our South Carolina state membership is about 10 people–they all have excuses why they can’t meet each other. They are spread out. We don’t have monthly meetings there.”
The Traditional American Knights of the KKK reject violence and require criminal background checks before membership is approved. “My thoughts and prayers are with those whose lives were tragically taken by this lunatic and I pray that God will bring peace to those families, the community, and our Nation,” said the KKK leader Ancona of the murdered black congregants. “It literally made me sick to my stomach. Those poor families….”
Ancona said his KKK group recently combined their North and South Carolina state chapters because of a dearth of members.
Roof mentions only two specific groups in his manifesto posted on his website before the murders–the Council of Conservative Citizens and the Northwest Front.
Roof makes credible references suggesting he was fueled by the incendiary racist rhetoric of the mainstream Council of Conservative Citizens.
And an analysis of his text and photos suggest Roof took extensive guidance from a fringe Nazi white nationalist, Harold Covington, who heads the Northwest Front and has been linked to numerous acts of violence, including racial, religious, and political assassinations and attacks on black churches for more than 3 decades.
Referring to himself as a “White Nationalist”, Roof said “The event that truly awakened me was the Trayvon Martin case. But more importantly this prompted me to type in the words ‘Black on White crime’ into Google, and I have never been the same since that day. The first website I came to was the Council of Conservative Citizens. There were pages upon pages of these brutal black on White murders,” wrote Roof. “At this moment I realized that something was very wrong.”
Roof was likely referring to a “Memorial Wall” for Whites killed by blacks the Council of Conservative Citizens distribute on “black on white” crimes in the United States, where they list 418 white people murdered by blacks in 2014 in a thinly sourced document, adding that civil rights groups “hype a narrative that blacks live in fear of whites. So far we have only found four white on black murders, killed by two perps, for 2014.” ( http://conservative-headlines.com/memorial-wall-black-on-white-murders-in-2014/)
“One white on black murder is a major national news story. Where is the outrage for the daily occurring black on white murders?” the CCC wrote in 2014.( http://conservative-headlines.com/2015/02/our-black-on-white-murder-study-has-shocked-even-us/)
Dylann Roof is not the only one who obtained their information on “black on white” crime from the CCC. “The majority of people who post on “black on white” crimes with us on our website, use as their source the Council of Conservative Citizens,” said Frank Ancona, the Imperial Wizard–or national leader–of the largest KKK group in America, the Missouri headquartered Traditionalist American Knights of the Ku Klux Klan.
Dylann Roof likely surfed numerous white nationalist websites and forums which have skyrocketed in tandem with the rise of the digital media age.
But Roof has a notably similar and unique compendium of views and relatively obscure ideology, according to his writing and photographs, which he shared with Harold Covington, the far right-wing leader of the armed White Nationalist group, the Northwest Front.
Covington is a native of neighboring North Carolina who has a four decade history in the forefront of the violent racist White Separatist movement. Covington is the founder of the obscure Northwest Front which promotes an Aryan homeland in the Pacific Northwest.
As recently as October 2014, the Northwest Front had a footprint in South Carolina, when a Greenville County man had a calling card from the Northwest Front sent to him in the mail. The card, without a return address, read “Anti racist is a code word for anti white. If white people had a country of our own, this wouldn’t be happening.”
“The central part of our message is that white people are a group under threat. We are facing the genocide of our race,” said Harold Covington, at the time, calling for all white people to migrate to the Northwest Pacific to create a “white nation.”
Both Dylann Roof and Harold Covington shared an unusual political agenda.
At least 9 of the 57 photographs on Dylann Roof’s website show him wearing a jacket with patches of the flags of white ruled Rhodesia and Apartheid era South Africa. In addition, the name of his website is registered as “The Last Rhodesian.”
Like the confederate flag of the American South, the Rhodesian and South African flags explicitly represent historical white supremacist governments, all three which hold an iconic place among white separatists. Dyllan Roof is also depicted on photographs standing defiantly in front of his car, which has a front license plate depicting the confederate flag and reading “The Confederate States of America.”
“Look at South Africa, and how such a small minority held the black in apartheid for years and years,” wrote Dylann Roof.
Neo Nazi White Nationalist Harold Covington
In 1971, Harold Covington, then a high school senior in North Carolina, “just got it into his head that he wanted to go to the University of South Africa in Cape Town,” said his brother in an interview with the SPLC in 2008. “My father tried to make Harold a deal. He said he’d send him to any university in the United States that he wanted to attend, but he was not going to pay for him to go to the University of South Africa.” Harold declined the offer and enlisted in the Army. “He started to develop white supremacist contacts and influences from the military. While at Schofield Barracks (in Hawaii), he apparently started passing around pamphlets — Nazi propaganda. My parents were really upset about the whole white supremacist thing” and Covington was discharged from the Army in 1972.
Those among the white nationalist movement who support Ian Smith’s Rhodesia and apartheid era South Africa, support them because of their white supremacist politics. The focus on the two countries, particularly Rhodesia, is rare within the fractured and disorganized White Nationalist extremist movement, but it fits well within the ideological narrative.
Rhodesia inhabits a unique–and less prominent– place in far right American extremist politics than South Africa. The narrative of the defeated white ruled Rhodesian government evokes images of the black masses terrorizing and oppressing white culture.
Covington joined Lincoln Rockwell’s U.S. Nazi Party, the National Socialist White People’s Party while in the U.S. Army in 1972. He was discharged for his racist activities and then moved to Apartheid South Africa where he lived for 6 months working as a file clerk and studying the works of Adolph Hitler. He then moved to White-ruled Rhodesia, where he became a mercenary for the Rhodesian army. During his time in Rhodesia, he helped found the Rhodesian White People’s Party. Because of his political activities he was deported from Rhodesia by the then ruling white Prime Minister, Ian Smith, in 1976.
Photographs of Roof depict a white ruled Rhodesian national flag stitched to his jacket. But Roof did not acquire the Rhodesia flag patch through Covington or any other white nationalist organization. He purchased it over the internet. The patches were manufactured and sold by a single collector in the western U.S. who sells historical military paraphernalia.
“I had those patches made for FN FAL rifle collectors because of the historical significance of the FAL rifle,” said Don, who asked that his last name not be used, who collects and sells military and other collectors items in an online business, in an interview. “That was my sole reason for having the patch made.”
“I didn’t even consider that some lunatic would see this flag as a symbol of white supremacy and murder 9 God-loving people. This was not even in my realm thinking when I had the Rhodesian flag patches made. Its sole relevance was for FN FAL rifle collectors,” he said. Brown removed the patch from his available items for sale the day after the pictures of Roof surfaced and he recognized it as having come from him. “I have therefore removed the Patch if it is going to be used as a symbol of hate. I do not condone or subscribe to this thinking.”
In photographs posted by Roof on his website, there are other depictions of neo Nazi symbols which are shared by Covington.
Two of the 57 pictures from Roof’s website, lastrhodesian.com., created in February of this year and registered using Roof’s name, correct home address, and correct telephone number, depict symbolism forwarded by extremist groups neo Nazi White Separatist ideology, including Harold Covington.
Dylann Roof is shown posing on a beach where he had drawn the words “14 88” in the sand in two separate photographs taken on March 18, according the meta data from the original photographs uploaded by Roof onto his website.
The ’14’ stands for the 14 words of jailed white power icon David Lane, a leader of the white separatist paramilitary organization “The Order”: “We must secure the existence of our people and a future for White Children.”
“The Northwest Front is a White separatist movement dedicated to the Fourteen Words of David Lane: ‘We must secure the existence of our people and a future for White children,'” writes Covington on his Northwest Front website.
Lane also used the slogan “14/88” as reference to his 88 Precepts representing “14 Words and 88 Precepts”, a doctrine of a white nationalist pagan religion, Wotanism, involving a “Pyramid Prophecy” code within the King James Bible.
There are several versions of what “88” represents. Some White Nationalists and supporters of Nazi ideology contend that it stands for the 8th letter of the alphabet, “H”, hence “88” for “Heil Hitler”.
Others say 88 stands for a passage from Adolf Hitler’s Mein Kampf, Volume 1, Chapter 8 which is 88 words in length: “What we must fight for is to safeguard the existence and reproduction of our race and our people, the sustenance of our children and the purity of our blood, the freedom and independence of the fatherland, so that our people may mature for the fulfillment of the mission allotted it by the creator of the universe. Every thought and every idea, every doctrine and all knowledge, must serve this purpose. And everything must be examined from this point of view and used or rejected according to its utility.”
In one of photographs posted by Dylann Roof taken on a South Carolina beach, there is a symbol of a square at a 45 degree angle on top of two tilted legs below the “14 88” written in the sand. This symbol is known as a Odal Rune, originally a Viking symbol of the pagan religion of Odinism and also a symbol of Nazi rule used by an SS Division before being adopted by the far right neo Nazi skinhead movement in both Europe and the U.S in the late 20th century. Among White Nationalists and racialists it stands for Aryan heritage and cultural pride.
The Odal Rune symbol is also displayed prominently by Harold Covington in some of his public appearances.
In the beach photograph of Roof, above the “14 88” drawn in the sand, is another white supremacist symbol associated with Nazi and Aryan ideology, the “Sun Wheel.”
The sun wheel has been used as a symbol of the Aryan race by some neo-Nazis, however the Celtic cross seems to be the most popular symbol among white supremacists – Nazis included.
Photo: The scene is the famous National Socialist Movement rally in Trafalgar Square, July 1, 1962.
Roof’s birthday is April 4, 1994. He was given a birthday present of cash by his father to buy a weapon. Of the 57 photographs on Roof’s website, the meta data shows the first photograph of Roof with a gun was 3 days later, on April 7, 2015.
One significant question stands out on the theory that Dylann Roof acted alone: Who took many of the pictures of him depicting white supremacist ideology and featuring Nazi symbolism?.
Several of the photographs were modified and uploaded into a file on his website in the hours prior to the church shooting. One photographs meta data shows a picture uploaded with a “File Created” time stamp of 2:45 P.M on June 17; another at 2:48 P.M.; one at 2:49 P.M.; another at 2:49 P.M.; and a final one at 4:53 P.M., four hours before he arrived at the church.
Roof was shown entering the church from
a side door at 8:06 P.M. to attend a bible study class. The first call to police emergency phones was received about an hour later, at 9:05 P.M.
Exif data analysis of the images shows 33 of the photos are high-resolution taken with a Kodak Easyshare Camera C1530, which Roof is pictured holding in a self-portrait taken in a public restroom mirror. 26 other images have been modified and or downloaded from social media.
The Council of Conservative Citizens
The Council of Conservative Citizens goes to considerable lengths to maintain a reputation of respectability within mainstream U.S. politics. Included among the founders of the CCC, were two contemporary governors of Georgia and the recent U.S. senate majority leader Trent Lott. Between 2000 and 2004, at least 38, elected local, state, and national politicians have spoken in front of the CCC.
Current presidential candidate and former Arkansas governor Mike Huckabee spoke at a CCC national convention. In 1997, the CCC sent a delegation to attend an event of the French far right nationalist party of Jean Le Pen, where the CCC gifted the ultra nationalist racialist leader with a confederate flag which was flown over the South Carolina state capitol building.
The current Council of Conservative Citizens has its direct origins in the White Citizens Council, formed in 1954 as a direct reaction to the U.S. supreme court Brown vs. Board of Education decision mandating school desegregation. Former Supreme Court justice Thurgood Marshall called the Conservative Citizens Council an “uptown Klan”, in reference to both its racist views and its lopsided membership of pillars of southern white communities. By 1955, membership had swelled to 60,000 members in 253 “councils” spread mostly across southern states. In 1956, it underwent a name change to Citizens Council of America.
With the advent of successes in the civil rights movement in the 1960’s and 1970’s, membership plummeted, but the organization was revived under the current name of the Council of Conservative Citizens, and began to recruit white southerners using the mailing list of the old Citizens Council mailing list.
“The mixing of the races is a rebelliousness against God,” read a 2001 CCC newsletter distributed to its membership.
The CCC makes special mention linking to and praising a far right white racist organization ,New Nation News ( http://www.newnation.org/index.html ) “We would like to extend a special thank you to NewNation.org. This site has uncovered a lot of censored black on white hate crime/thrill kill style murders using online obituaries,” reads the Council of Conservative Citizens newsletter.
The New Nation News site has hundreds of links to alleged black on white crimes (“Black man charged with having homo sex with male dog”; “(Black) Man who shot, killed (White) Good Samaritan in 2010 pleads guilty”), and asserts statistics with no sourcing, such as “The Truth of Interracial Rape in the United States : In the United States in 2005, 37,460 white females were sexually assaulted or raped by a black man, while between zero and ten black females were sexually assaulted or raped by a white man.”
Dylann Roof said “I have to do it. You rape our women and you’re taking over our country. And you have to go” as he gunned down 9 people in Church last Wednesday, according to Sylvia Johnson, a cousin of the pastor, who spoke to a survivor of the shootings.
Other categories from the CCC promoted website reads “Census Shows White Deaths Outpace Births”, “Pew: White majority over, next generation more than 50% non-white”, and “White students no longer to be majority in school”.
In his manifesto, Roof said he was launched into research after reading the CCC documents online. ” Now White parents are forced to move to the suburbs to send their children to “good schools”. But what constitutes a “good school”? The fact is that how good a school is considered directly corresponds to how White it is,” wrote Roof. “I hate with a passion the whole idea of the suburbs. To me it represents nothing but scared White people running. But what about the White people that are left behind? What about the White children who, because of school zoning laws, are forced to go to a school that is 90 percent black?….Who is fighting for him? Who is fighting for these White people forced by economic circumstances to live among Negroes? No one, but someone has to.”
The NorthWest Front
“The internet gives the White male a feel-good factor which he doesn’t have to earn. He sits down at his computer after work with a bowl of nachos and a few cold brewskis, he plays around on VNN or surfs the web looking for racial stuff, maybe he makes a post or two, and then at the end of the evening he gets up and staggers off to bed with the feeling that he has accomplished something, but he hasn’t,” said Covington in a 2010 interview. “All he has done is to generate words, and words are no good on earth if they never translate into physical action. The internet provides the White male with a substitute for action, and with a place where he can hide.”
Where Roof objected to Covington’s Northwest Front was in Covington’s insistence that all supporters move to the Pacific Northwest to form an all white state. “We reject, absolutely and in totality, the spiritual poison of ‘modernization’ within the Racially Conscious Community,” writes Covington about the Northwest Front. “Our main message in South Carolina … and anywhere else that it’s spread, is that they need to come here,” Covington said in October 2014.
“Here I would also like to touch on the idea of a Norhtwest (sic) Front. I think this idea is beyond stupid. Why should I for example, give up the beauty and history of my state to go to the Norhthwest (sic)? To me the whole idea just parallels the concept of White people running to the suburbs. The whole idea is pathetic and just another way to run from the problem without facing it,” Roof wrote.
Covington’s Political History
“After I got out of the army I served on permanent NSWPP staff,” said Covington in a recent interview with one far right website sympathetic to his views. “I then became editor of the Party newspaper White Power in Arlington, Virginia. In 1974 I worked for a construction company in Johannesburg, South Africa for about six months, and then went to Rhodesia and joined the Rhodesian Army. In 1976 I was deported from Rhodesia for my activities with the proto-NS (National Socialist) Rhodesia White People’s Party…..I was deported on the personal orders of Ian Smith, and we all know what Mr. Smith’s conservatism did to Rhodesia.”
“I suppose he wanted to move someplace where everything was white and bright, so after a yearlong stint at the Nazi Party headquarters, he wound up going to Rhodesia, and he joined the Rhodesian Army. . He started agitating over there, and the [white-led] Ian Smith government said, “We have problems enough without this nutcase,” and they bounced him,” said his estranged brother in an interview with the SPLC.
Over the last 4 decades, Covington has moved throughout the White Nationalist fringe political scene associating with dozens of extremist parties, and has developed an almost universal rancorous relationship with most of his erstwhile comrades, after attacking numerous other high-profile leaders of the white supremacist movement in online rants.
The head of the North Carolina chapter of the National Socialist (Nazi) Party of America in 1979 was Harold Covington, who was implicated in the massacre but never faced criminal charges.
Harold Covington is a neo-Nazi. He was a key player in the National Socialist White People’s Party. Two members of his group were among the 16 Klansmen and neo-Nazis arrested and charged with murder in the “Greensboro Massacre” of 5 members of the Communist Workers Party in 1979. Covington was named as a defendant in a civil suit brought after the associates of Covington were all found not guilty in a jury trial.
Covington joined the National Socialist Party of America (NSPA) after returning from Rhodesia. In 1980, he lost an election for the Republican nomination for attorney general of North Carolina. Covington resigned as president of the NSPA in 1981.
Covington was also associated with a man who planned to attack a shopping mall with napalm at Christmas.
In 1994, Covington started the National Socialist White People’s Party (NSWPP), in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, which was shortly the most significant neo-Nazi party in The United States.
In 1996, he became one of the earliest white nationalist presence on the internet with a website using the name Winston Smith. Since 2005, he has run the political blog “Thoughtcrime”.and an online radio show, “Radio Free Northwest”.
As for Covington’s two children, who he abandoned in Europe when his father stopped supporting him financially in the late 1970’s, Covington’s brother said “Before I even met them, they were smart enough to get on the Internet and check out their father on their own. They pretty much came to the conclusion that he was a fruit loop, and they never wanted anything to do with him. Harold has always believed that all along we were telling them this great lie, and the irony is that what destroyed him with his own children was his own words, posted out on the Internet for all to see.”
South Carolina White Power Groups
Both Roof and Covington are, in part, correct, particularly when speaking of South Carolina.
While the Ku Klux Klan has a long and real history in South Carolina, it is a shell of its former self. Members join primarily via online applications, paying membership dues via untraceable PayPal accounts.
But anyone can call themselves the Ku Klux Klan, and more than 130 Klan groups exist in name. Almost all are what older, traditional Klansmen refer to as “cyber Klans” or “Mom and Pop Klans”.
The groups that do exist in the state of South Carolina have decreasing membership
Imperial Wizard Charles ‘Chuck’ Murray of the Abbeville, South Carolina headquartered New Empire Knights of the Ku Klux Klan wasted no time trying to fan the flames of racial conflict after the shooting of a black youth in Ferguson, Missouri in August, 2014, alarming an already overwhelmed citizenry and law enforcement and attracting widespread media attention. KKK leader Murray announced they were dispatching armed Klan members to patrol the streets in Ferguson, Missouri.
But, despite attempting to launch a race war from cyberspace, Imperial Wizard Murray and his Ku Klux Klan faction, in fact, do not exist outside the internet.
“As far as we are concerned, Charles Murray and his Klan group don’t exist. We absolutely have no information about a Charles Murray or a Klan group by that name anywhere in the county. Believe me, we did considerable research,” said the Sheriff of Abbeville County, South Carolina, Ray Watson, in an interview at the time. “We went out hunting. I talked to the right people in Abbeville who would know–who have been involved in this sort of thing in the past–and they have no clue. They never heard of this Murray fellow or his New Empire Klan. And they would know.”
“We are raising money for a cop who shot a nigger criminal,” Imperial Wizard Murray announced, adding a mobilization of Klan members from “3 different Klan factions,” had descended on Ferguson and nearby towns to “patrol” Ferguson and “protect white business”. Murray warned anyone who objected: “We have guns (and more).”
The calls to fan the flames of racial strife in Missouri sparked thousands of media articles and forced law enforcement to mobilize already overextended resources to prepare for the worst.
“Of course we heard about these Klan guys saying they would be coming to Sullivan” Missouri where Murray said the Klan was staging from. We watched it closely over the weekend and working off of our own intelligence nothing happened as far as we saw,” said Gary Tolke, the Sheriff of Franklin County where the city of Sullivan is located, in an interview last August.
The New Empire of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan and self anointed Imperial Wizard Charles Murray have not just drawn the ire of law enforcement and local citizens–they are the target of particular derision from other Ku Klux Klan leaders across the United States.
Imperial Wizard of the Missouri based Traditionalist Knights of the KKK who opposed dispatching the Klan to the Ferguson racial strife said “There is a huge fraud being perpetrated by so-called Charles Murray and his New Empire Klan raising money for Officer Darren Wilson,” said Frank Ancona, the Imperial Wizard of the Traditionalist American Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, headquartered in Missouri, in several interviews at the time of the Ferguson strife. “This group does not exist. New Empire Knights is a complete scam and fraud. There is talk of their supposed rallies but where is the evidence? No one has ever been to one. Has anyone ever seen them drop any fliers? The media should do it’s job and verify a story before reporting the rantings of a lunatic as the gospel truth.”
When contacted to ask for his comment on evidence suggesting he doesn’t exist, South Carolina based New Empire Knights of the KKK Imperial Wizard Charles ‘Chuck’ Murray responded: “You can write what ever. Say we don’t exist. Say I’m a fake Imperial Wizard. Say I’m a black guy making this up. You want proof? You want an interview? Do this. Go outside. Take a rope and hang yourself.”
A detailed investigation of the extremist racist group said to be based out of Abbeville County South Carolina shows that none of the events the New Empire of the Knights of the KKK claims to have held since it was formed in February, 2013 had, in fact, taken place.
In fact, evidence shows that none of the leaders of the internet fueled extremist group are real people.
No one has ever talked to or met with the fictional Imperial Wizard “Charles ‘Chuck’ Murray or seen him and none of the more than a dozen purported Klan actions by the New Empire of the Knights of the KKK in South Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, and Missouri, among several other states in recent months–including cross burning’s, rallies, and other gatherings advocating racial superiority of protestant Caucasians–actually occurred, according to law enforcement, Ku Klux Klan leaders nationwide, and local residents from Missouri to South Carolina.
Internet Cowboys Vs Real Life Terror Groups
“The internet is largely sterile politically. It produces almost nothing except more Net. Somebody sees a great pro-White website and they are inspired with enthusiasm—to build another web site. There is this immense disconnect between what is essentially a fantasy world in cyber-space and the real world out here,” Covington told the “Occidental Quarterly Online: Western Perspectives on Man, Culture, and Politics” in 2010.
Dylann Roof expressed similar views last week.
“I have no choice. I am not in the position to, alone, go into the ghetto and fight. I chose Charleston because it is most historic city in my state, and at one time had the highest ratio of blacks to Whites in the country,” wrote Dylann Roof in his manifesto. ” We have no skinheads, no real KKK, no one doing anything but talking on the internet. Well someone has to have the bravery to take it to the real world, and I guess that has to be me.”